A checklist of the dacine fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae, Dacinae) of Mozambique


  • Marc De Meyer Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), Invertebrates Section & JEMU, Tervuren, Belgium https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0755-2898
  • Luis Bota Provincial Directorate of Agriculture and Fisheries, National Fruit fly Laboratory, Chimoio, Mozambique https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5392-0554
  • Beatriz Daniel Eduardo Mondlane University, Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering, Maputo, Mozambique
  • Mirene Mussumbi Eduardo Mondlane University, Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering, Maputo, Mozambique
  • Myriam Vandenbosch Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), Invertebrates Section & JEMU, Tervuren, Belgium
  • Laura Canhanga Eduardo Mondlane University, Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering, Maputo, Mozambique
  • Elias Cambula Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Department of Plant Protection, Maputo, Mozambique
  • Mervyn Mansell Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
  • Domingos Cugala Eduardo Mondlane University, Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering, Maputo, Mozambique
  • Massimiliano Virgilio Royal Museum for Central Africa, Invertebrates Section & JEMU, Tervuren, Belgium https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1323-6886




diversity, surveys, distribution


Here we present a checklist of all records of dacine fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) from Mozambique, based on verified specimen records in natural history collections and literature records. In total, 57 Dacinae species are recorded from Mozambique, of which only one is considered endemic. This relatively low species diversity compared to other African countries appears to be related to incomplete sampling. For each species the localities from which it was recorded are given (including geocoordinates), or a general distribution is provided. The checklist is discussed briefly in terms of species richness, endemism and geographic distribution.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Burgess N, D’Amico Hales J, Underwood E, Dinerstein E, Olson D, Illanga I, Schipper H, Ricketts T, Newman K. 2004. Terrestrial Ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar: A Conservation Assessment. Washington: Island Press.

Cogan BH, Munro HK. 1980. Family Tephritidae. In: Crosskey RW, editor. Catalogue of the Diptera of the Afrotropical Region. London: British Museum (Natural History). p. 518–554.

Copeland RS. 2007. On the occurrence of Bistrispinaria, grass-breeding fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae), in Kenya, with an addition to the tephritid checklist of Kakamega Forest. Journal of East African Natural History. 96: 95–102. https://doi.org/10.2982/0012-8317(2007)96[95:OTOOBG]2.0.CO;2

Copeland RS, Okeka W, Freidberg A, Merz B, White IM, De Meyer M, Luke Q. 2005. Fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) of Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History. 94: 247–278. https://doi.org/10.2982/0012-8317(2005)94[247:FFDTOK]2.0.CO;2

Correia ARI, Rego JM, Olmi M. 2008. A pest of significant economic Importance detected for the first time in Mozambique: Bactrocera invadens Drew, Tsuruta & White (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae). Bolletino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura Serie II. 40: 9–13.

Cugala D, Ekesi S, Ambasse D, Adamu RS, Mohamed SA. 2014. Assessment of ripening stages of Cavendish dwarf bananas as host or non-host to Bactrocera invadens. Journal of Applied Entomology. 138: 449–457. https://doi.org/10.1111/jen.12045

Cugala DR, De Meyer M, Canhanga L. 2016. Chapter 24 Integrated management of fruit flies – Case studies from Mozambique. In: Ekesi S, Mohamed SA, De Meyer M, editors. Fruit Fly Research and Development in Africa – Towards a Sustainable Management Strategy to Improve Horticulture. Switzerland: Springer Verlag; p. 531–552. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43226-7_24

De Meyer M. 2006. A systematic revision of the African fruit fly genus Carpophthoromyia Austen (Diptera, Tephritidae). Zootaxa. 1235: 1–48. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1235.1.1

De Meyer M. 2009. Taxonomic revision of the genus Perilampsis Bezzi (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Natural History. 43: 2425–2463. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930903207868

De Meyer M, Copeland RS. 2005. Description of new Ceratitis MacLeay (Diptera, Tephritidae) species from Africa. Journal of Natural History. 39: 1283–1297. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930400004347

De Meyer M, Freidberg A. 2005. Revision of the fruit fly genus Capparimyia (Diptera: Tephritidae). Zoologica Scripta. 34: 279–303. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00195.x

De Meyer M, Copeland RS, Lux S, Mansell M, Wharton R, White IM, Zenz N. 2002. Annotated check list of host plants for Afrotropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Ceratitis. Zoologische Documentatie Koninklijk Museum voor Midden Afrika. 27: 1–92.

De Meyer M, White IM, Goodger KFM. 2013. Notes on the frugivorous fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) fauna of western Africa, with description of a new Dacus species. European Journal of Taxonomy. 50: 1–17. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2013.50

De Meyer M, Delatte H, Mwatawala M, Quilici S, Vayssières JF, Virgilio M. 2015. A review of the current knowledge on Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera, Tephritidae) in Africa, with a list of species included in Zeugodacus. ZooKeys. 540: 539–557. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.540.9672

De Meyer M, Majubwa RO, Biyusa KA, Vandenbosch M, Virgilio M, Mwatawala M. 2023. A first checklist of the dacine fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae, Dacinae) of Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History. 112 (1): 1–19. https://doi.org/10.2982/028.112.0101

Doorenweerd C, Leblanc L, Norrbom AL, San Jose M, Rubinoff D. 2018. A global checklist of the 932 fruit fly species in the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys. 730: 19–54. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.730.21786

Drew RAI, Yuval B. 1999. The evolution of fruit fly feeding behavior. In: Aluja M, Norrbom AL, editors. Fruit files (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press; p. 731–749. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420074468.ch27

Drew RAI, Tsuruta K, White IM. 2005. A new species of pest fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) from Sri Lanka and Africa. African Entomology. 13: 149–154.

EFSA. 2020. Pest categorization of non-EU Tephritidae. EFSA Journal. 18(1): 5931.

Ekesi S, De Meyer M, Mohamed SA, Virgilio M, Borgemeister C. 2016. Taxonomy, ecology, and management of native and exotic fruit fly species in Africa. Annual Review of Entomology. 61: 219–238. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-010715-023603

Garcia FRM, Bandeira RR. 2011. Biodiversidade de moscas-das-frutas (Diptera, Tephritidae) em Moçambique. Revista Eletronica Acolhendo a Alfabetizaçao nos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa. 5: 24–44.

Hancock DL. 1999. Grass-breeding fruit flies and their allies of Africa and Asia (Diptera: Tephritidae: Ceratitidinae). Journal of Natural History. 33: 911–948. https://doi.org/10.1080/002229399300155

Korir JF, Affognon D, Ritho CN, Kingori WS, Irungu P. 2015. Grower adoption of an integrated pest management package for management of mango-infesting fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Embu, Kenya. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 35: 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742758415000077

Lux SA, Copeland RS, White IM, Manrakhan A, Billah MK. 2003. A new invasive fruit fly species from the Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) group detected in East Africa. Insect Science and its Application. 23: 355–360.

Manrakhan A, Venter JH, Hattingh V. 2015. The progressive invasion of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in South Africa. Biological Invasions. 17: 2803–2809. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-015-0923-2

Monteiro R. 1891. Delagoa Bay: Its Natives & Natural History. London, UK: George Philip & Son. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.17539

Munro HK. 1984. A taxonomic treatise on the Dacidae (Tephritoidea, Diptera) of Africa. Entomology Memoir 61: 1–313.

Norrbom AL, Carroll LE, Thompson FC, White IM, Freidberg A. 1999. Systematic database of names. Myia. 9: 65–299.

Starkie ML, Cameron SL, Krosch MN, Phillips MJ, Royer JE, Schutze MK, Strutt F, Sweet AD, Zalucki MP, Clarke AR. 2022. A comprehensive phylogeny helps clarify the evolutionary history of host breadth and lure response in the Australian dacini fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 172: 107481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2022.107481

Vasse G. 1909. Trois années de chasse au Mozambique. Paris, France: Librairie Hachette. https://doi.org/10.2307/199685

Virgilio M, De Meyer M, White IM, Backeljau T. 2009. African Dacus (Diptera: Tephritidae): Molecular data and host plant association do not corroborate morphology based classifications. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 51: 531–539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2009.01.003

Virgilio M, White IM, De Meyer M. 2014. A set of multi-entry identification keys to African frugivorous flies (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys. 428: 97–108. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.428.7366

von Röder V. 1885. Ueber die Dipteren-Gattung Ceratitis Mac Leay. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift. 29: 132–137. https://doi.org/10.1002/mmnd.18850290119

White IM. 2006. Taxonomy of the Dacina (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Africa and the Middle East. African Entomology Memoir. 2: 1–156.

White IM, Copeland RS, Hancock DL. 2003. Revision of the afrotropical genus Trirhithrum Bezzi (Diptera: Tephritidae). Cimbebasia. 18: 71–137.

White IM, Elson-Harris MM. 1994. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance: their Identification and Bionomics. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

White IM, Goodger KFM. 2009. African Dacus (Diptera: Tephritdae); new species and data, with particular reference to the Tel Aviv University collection. Zootaxa. 2127: 1–49. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2127.1.1




How to Cite

De Meyer M, Bota L, Daniel B, Mussumbi M, Vandenbosch M, Canhanga L, Cambula E, Mansell M, Cugala D, Virgilio M. A checklist of the dacine fruit flies (Diptera, Tephritidae, Dacinae) of Mozambique. Afr. Entomol. [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 8 [cited 2023 Oct. 4];31. Available from: https://www.africanentomology.com/article/view/15585