Effectiveness of different traps and lures for coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari, 1867) in São Tomé Island

Authors

  • Miclay Carvalho Universidad de León https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0215-695X
  • Alex Lopes Center of Technological and Agricultural Investigation of São Tomé and Principe, Experimental Base of Industrial Crops (CIAT/STP-BECI), Potó Madalena, São Tomé https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8560-1491
  • Albino Bento Mountain Research Center (CIMO), ESA, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Santa Apolónia Campus, Bragança, Portugal
  • Luís Santos Center of Technological and Agricultural Investigation of São Tomé and Principe, Experimental Base of Industrial Crops (CIAT/STP-BECI), Potó Madalena, São Tomé https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4709-4505
  • Raul Guedes Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, 36570-900, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6229-7549
  • PA Casquero Universidad de León, Department of Engineering and Agricultural Sciences, Environment Institute Natural Resources and Biodiversity, León, Spain https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4432-9794

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/2254-8854/2023/a13590

Keywords:

Coffee, attractants, integrated pest management (IPM), infestation level

Abstract

Coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari, 1867), is a serious insect pest of organic coffee plantation in São Tomé Island. To date, limited information regarding the seasonal phenology of this pest species on the islands limits the implementation of integrated pest management (IPM) programmes. As part of a coffee farmer training programme, three attractants were evaluated in red vs. transparent traps to assess olfactory and visual stimuli. The experiment was delineated in a split-block design with three types of attractants: commercial ethanol + 40 g of ripe Robusta coffee (A1), proportion 3:1 methanol and ethanol (A2), and commercial ethanol + 10 g of ground roasted Arabica coffee (A3); and two home-made transparent (D1) and red (D2) traps. The results showed that there was significant interaction between the trap model and the attractant for borer capture. The transparent trap baited with methanol and ethanol exhibited the best result with an average of 14.3 ± 5.4 adults/trap/week. Transparent traps baited captured more borers and largest numbers of beetles were trapped late May through September. In short, home-made traps alone are not effective for controlling the coffee berry borer, but they are useful in monitoring this species.

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Published

2023-06-27

How to Cite

1.
Carvalho M, Lopes A, Bento A, Santos L, Guedes R, Casquero P. Effectiveness of different traps and lures for coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari, 1867) in São Tomé Island. Afr. Entomol. [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 27 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];31. Available from: https://www.africanentomology.com/article/view/13590

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