Development and evaluation of a tractor-operated automatic gun sprayer for cotton crop

automatic gun sprayer

Authors

  • Nagesh Kumar T Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2566-9109
  • M Anantachar Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, UAS, Raichur, India
  • M Veerangouda Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, UAS, Raichur, India
  • KV Prakash Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, UAS, Raichur, India
  • S Nadagouda Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, UAS, Raichur, India
  • BG Koppalkar Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, UAS, Raichur, India
  • Sushilendra Advi Rao Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering
  • M Murali Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering
  • V Raghavendra Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/2254-8854/2022/a13587

Keywords:

Droplet size, droplet density, nozzle orientation, leaf hopper and aphids, cost of operation

Abstract

A tractor-operated automatic gun sprayer was developed for the cotton crop. The unit consists of frame structure, spray tank, horizontal triplex pump, control valves, spray gun nozzle, pressure gauge, strainer, hydraulic agitator and actuating mechanism. The power to drive the HTP pump was taken from the tractor power take off (PTO) through a belt and pulley. The actuating mechanism consists of motor and worm gear reduction. Two motors with 0.5 kW each (12 V dc) were used to provide oscillation motion to spray guns and motors get power from the tractor battery. The rotation angle of the spray gun is 30° horizontally. Provision was also made to fold the spray boom while in transport. The spray pattern could be adjusted based on the application of chemicals. This study was conducted to determine the suitable nozzle orientation (0, 15 and 30° downwards) to field crops. The orientation of the spray nozzle was maintained by using the metal protractor. The laboratory experiments were carried out by using the actual cotton plant. The best nozzle orientation for maximum droplet density and droplet size as 15° downward. Leaf hopper [Amrasca biguttula (Ishida)] and aphids [Aphis gossypii (Glover)] control in the cotton crop after 7th day of spraying dinotefuran insecticide from the automatic gun sprayer and conventional tractor-operated gun sprayer was 87, 86 and 58 %, and 50 %, respectively. The total cost required to fabricate the sprayer was US$ 1008. The cost of operation of the tractor operated automatic gun sprayer was found to be US$ 4.7/ ha.

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Author Biography

Sushilendra Advi Rao, Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering

University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka

References

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Published

2022-09-19

How to Cite

1.
T NK, Anantachar M, Veerangouda M, Prakash K, Nadagouda S, Koppalkar B, Advi Rao S, Murali M, Raghavendra V. Development and evaluation of a tractor-operated automatic gun sprayer for cotton crop: automatic gun sprayer . Afr. Entomol. [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 19 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];30. Available from: https://www.africanentomology.com/article/view/13587

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