Identification of alternative hosts of the tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in West Africa

Authors

  • Mathieu Wendnéyidé Sawadogo Laboratoire Systèmes Naturels, Agrosystèmes et de l’Ingénierie de l’Environnement (SyNAIE), Institute of Rural Development, Nazi Boni University, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, University of Liege, Gembloux, Belgium https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6448-4804
  • Regis Besmer Ahissou Laboratoire Systèmes Naturels, Agrosystèmes et de l’Ingénierie de l’Environnement (SyNAIE), Institute of Rural Development, Nazi Boni University, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso;Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, University of Liege, Gembloux, Belgium https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0898-8431
  • Irénée Somda Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, University of Liege, Gembloux, Belgium https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0707-8367
  • Souleymane Nacro Laboratoire d’entomologie agricole, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Anne Legrève Phytopathology, Earth and Life Institute, Faculté des Bioingénieurs, Catholic University of Louvain, Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
  • François Verheggen Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, TERRA, University of Liege, Gembloux, Belgium https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5849-1661

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/2254-8854/2022/a12056

Abstract

Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) reached West Africa in 2012 and has since become a major tomato pest. Various alternative strategies for pest control have been identified worldwide, including crop rotation, to deprive the insect of its food. However, this method can only be implemented if a good knowledge of the local host plants of the leafminer have been identified. Here, we have assessed the capacity of Tuta absoluta to develop on 27 common vegetable crops in West Africa, representing the Poaceae, Apiaceae, Convolvulaceae, Amaranthaceae, Malvaceae, Lamiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae, Brassicaceae, Asteraceae, Solanaceae, and Amaryllidaceae. The tomato leafminer was only able to develop and complete its life cycle on crops within the genus Solanum. Among the 27 plant species tested, Solanum lycopersicum L. (tomato) was identified as the best host, allowing for rapid development (22.2 ± 1.4 days) and a high survival rate (84%). Solanum tuberosum L. (Irish potato) (24.4 ± 0.8 days; survival rate 40%), Solanum aethiopicum L. (African eggplant) (24.3 ± 0.6 days; survival rate 52%) and Solanum melongena L. (eggplant) (25.9 ± 1.8 days; survival rate 24%) were three other possible hosts. Larval development occurred on onion (Allium cepa L.), but not pupation. A strategy that includes a prolonged absence of the genus Solanum in a production area would be associated with a considerable reduction in leafminer population size.

 

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Published

2022-09-21

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1.
Sawadogo MW, Ahissou RB, Somda I, Nacro S, Legrève A, Verheggen F. Identification of alternative hosts of the tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in West Africa. Afr. Entomol. [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 21 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];30. Available from: https://www.africanentomology.com/article/view/12056

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