Identity of wasp parasitoids (Hymenoptera) attacking Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in South Africa


  • Simon van Noort Research and Exhibitions Department, South African Museum, Iziko Museums of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa ; Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa
  • Jose Fernandez-Triana Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada
  • Hannes Baur Department of Invertebrates, Natural History Museum Bern, Switzerland; Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Switzerland
  • Mark R Shaw National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, UK



Alien species, biocontrol, Braconidae, Cotesia glomerata, invasive species, parasitoid wasps, Pteromalidae, Pteromalus puparum, taxonomy


The alien invasive large cabbage white, Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pieridae), although introduced into South Africa more than 27 years ago, has not dramatically expanded its distribution, possibly because it is effectively attacked by two parasitoid wasp species. Even though there is a cohort of parasitoid species associated with P. brassicae in the Northern Hemisphere, these are the only two recorded parasitoids in South Africa. We determine these parasitoid wasps as Cotesia glomerata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Braconidae: Microgastrinae) and Pteromalus puparum (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pteromalidae), and provide high resolution images and DNA barcodes to facilitate their recognition. This is the first record of C. glomerata from the Afrotropical region.


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How to Cite

van Noort S, Fernandez-Triana J, Baur H, Shaw MR. Identity of wasp parasitoids (Hymenoptera) attacking Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in South Africa . Afr. Entomol. [Internet]. 2022 May 12 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];30. Available from:




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