Efficacy of Beauveria bassiana against adults of Prostephanus truncatus (Horn), Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky and Teretrius nigrescens Lewis in stored maize

Authors

  • Dr. Mavis A. Acheampong University of Ghana https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4547-6881
  • Dr. Eric Cornelius University of Ghana
  • Dr. Vincent Y. Eziah University of Ghana
  • Dr. Ken O. Fening Soil and Irrigation Research Centre, University of Ghana
  • Prof. Kwadwo Ofori University of Ghana
  • Dr. Claire Storm Exosect Ltd, UK
  • Mr. Nick Jessop MagGrow, UK
  • Dr. Belinda Luke CABI, UK
  • Dr. David Moore
  • Dr. Victor A. Clottey CABI, West Africa
  • Dr. Olivier Potin Agrauxine, France
  • Mr. Pierre Grammare Agrauxine, France

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17159/2254-8854/2023/a11734

Keywords:

histerid beetle, larger grain borer, maize storage , maize weevil, microbial control

Abstract

The larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) and the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky continue to cause tremendous losses to stored maize. Research in the UK has identified Beauveria bassiana, IMI 389521 as a suitable control agent for grain storage pests in the UK. The pathogenicity of B. bassiana, IMI 389521 was evaluated against adult P. truncatus, S. zeamais and Teretrius nigrescens in Ghana. Fifty adults of each insect species were treated with 0.5 g dry conidia powder of this isolate at 8.65 × 108 conidia/g for 1 minute and mortality recorded daily for 14 days. The results indicated that B. bassiana, is pathogenic against P. truncatus and S. zeamais, inducing over 90% mortality by day 7. Teretrius nigrescens was, however less susceptible to the fungus with 30% mortality. To determine the most effective concentration of B. bassiana for the control of
P. truncatus, a laboratory dose response experiment using four concentrations of B. bassiana (108–1011 cfu/kg maize) was also conducted. Maize grains (250 g) in separate jars were treated with the four concentrations of the product. Fifty adults of P. truncatus were placed into the jars containing the treated maize and mortality was assessed weekly for 3 weeks. The most effective dose was 1010 cfu/kg maize, which resulted in 96% and 100% mortality of P. truncatus after 2 and 3 weeks, respectively. This study shows that B. bassiana could effectively be integrated into bio-control programme of these two key pests of maize in Ghana after further field trials.

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Author Biographies

Dr. Mavis A. Acheampong, University of Ghana

Lecturer at Department of Crop Science

Dr. Eric Cornelius, University of Ghana

Senior Lecturer at Department of Crop Science

Dr. Vincent Y. Eziah, University of Ghana

Senior Lecturer at Department of Crop Science

Dr. Ken O. Fening, Soil and Irrigation Research Centre, University of Ghana

Senior Research Fellow

Prof. Kwadwo Ofori, University of Ghana

Associate Professor at Department of Crop Science 

Dr. Claire Storm, Exosect Ltd, UK

Research Entomologist

Mr. Nick Jessop, MagGrow, UK

Head of Crop Science at Maggrow

Dr. Belinda Luke, CABI, UK

Global Team Leader, PlantWise Plus

Dr. Victor A. Clottey, CABI, West Africa

Regional Representative, West Africa

Dr. Olivier Potin, Agrauxine, France

Process development, Solid state fermentation, Fungi, Microbiology    

Mr. Pierre Grammare, Agrauxine, France

 

Head of Metaspora solid state fermentation chez Agrauxine

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2023-02-01

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Acheampong MA, Cornelius EW, Eziah VY, Fening KO, Ofori K, Storm C, et al. Efficacy of Beauveria bassiana against adults of Prostephanus truncatus (Horn), Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky and Teretrius nigrescens Lewis in stored maize. Afr. Entomol. [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 1 [cited 2024 Jun. 22];31. Available from: https://www.africanentomology.com/article/view/11734

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